Bulging: The bulging procedure expands the walls of a part using specialized expansion punches. The extension can be applied to the entire piece or a part, resulting in asymmetrical or symmetrical designs.
Coining: The coining technique uses closed dies to restrict or limit the entire workpiece to generate complicated features to tight tolerances.
Curling: The curling process generates a rolled edge at the open end of the workpiece.
Dimpling: The dimpling technique makes an indent in the workpiece for use in future flush riveting or bolting operations.
Embossing: This procedure produces raised or depressed designs on metal.
Extrusion: Extrusion, also known as hole flanging, is a procedure that involves drawing a flange around a hole in a workpiece.
Hole forming: Holes can be made using conventional, extruding, and piercing punches.
Ironing: The ironing procedure decreases the thickness of the part's walls and smoothes its surface.
Marking: The marking process is used to apply distinguishing characters on the workpiece, such as designs, numbers, or words.
Necking is a procedure that lowers the diameter of a specific segment of a cylindrical workpiece.
Notching: The notching process generates cuts, or notches, along the edge of the workpiece to accommodate future mounting or clearance requirements.
Threading: Threads are created along a piece of the part using taps, dies, or a wheel and arbor set.
Trimming is the process of removing scrap material from a partially or fully finished item.