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Factors to Consider for Making Perfect Die Casting Tooling
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Factors to Consider for Making Perfect Die Casting Tooling

Views: 225     Author: Wendy     Publish Time: 2023-04-20      Origin: Site Inquire

Factors to Consider for Making Perfect Die Casting Tooling

Before making die cast tooling, there are some things to look out for to guide in die cast tool design. They include:

Die Draft

The extent to which you can tamper with a mold core is called the draft. To properly remove the casting from the dice, you need an accurate draft. The draft, however, varies depending on the wall's angle and is not constant. Thus, factors like the kind of molten alloy utilized, the depth, and the form of the mold might have an impact on the entire process.

Mold geometry is another element that may have an impact on drafting. In general, untapped holes require tapping due to the possibility of shrinking. As inner walls have a tendency to contract, they require more drawing than outer walls.


A Fillet is a concave junction that helps to smoothen an angled surface. A curved surface disturbs the casting process, so folds have fillets to produce a honed edge and limit the risk of production errors. Although there is an exception to the parting lines, you can add fillets to any part of the mold.

The fillet will increase the lifespan of the tool. To allow for continuity of smoothness, make a constant-radius fillet. Furthermore, tools that have a deep inside will need larger fillets.

Parting Lines

Parting lines, also known as parting surfaces, join various mold sections together. If the parting line is deformed due to work strain or it is wrongly positioned, materials can pass through the space between the mold pieces. This may lead to excessive and non-uniform seaming.


Bosses are die-cast knobs that serve as stand-offs or mounting points in die cast tooling. Manufacturing industries usually add a hole to the internal structure of the boss to make sure the walls have a uniform thickness. It is challenging to fill bosses with metal, and thus, ribbing and filleting are essential to eliminate this issue.


Die casting ribs to help improve the strength of the material for a product lacking the desired wall thickness. Selective rib placement improves fill capability and decreases product weight. It also reduces the occurrence of non-uniform thickness and stress cracking.

Holes and Windows

Having holes and windows in aluminum die casting mold allows for the creation of substantial drafts and ease in removing a completed mold. However, features like flashovers, cross feeders, and overflow are necessary to prevent material flow and unwanted cast in the holes. Holes and windows are among the essential things in design geometry. They affect the flow of molten metal and play a vital role in the product’s final quality.


Manufacturers always add product logos or brand names in the mold design in die casting. Some casting has a date to differentiate a batch from another batch. Although symbols do not make the design process complex, they can add to the cost of production. A raised logo will require a different metal for every manufactured part, while an indented symbol will require a lesser amount of metal.

Wall Thickness

Die castings have a thin wall that has no fast and hard rules for maximum and minimum wall thickness. It is necessary to create a uniform wall thickness throughout the part. Uniformity will provide a smooth metal flow when filling and reduce distortion resulting from cooling and shrinkage. The main aim is for the die casting mould to fill before the solidification process to prevent cold shuts.