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Guide to Metal Stamping
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Guide to Metal Stamping

Views: 202     Author: Wendy     Publish Time: 2023-06-05      Origin: Site Inquire

Guide to Metal Stamping

Tips for Designing Metal Stamping Parts

The most frequent materials used in metal stamping are sheet metal and coiled metal wire. You must take the following factors into account in order to produce well-formed and precise results for metal stamping designs.

Bend radius:

Normally, a material should only bend in one direction, and the inner bend radius should be at least as large as the thickness of the sheet.

Grooves, holes, and slots:

Maintaining groove, hole, and slot sizes that are equal to or greater than sheet thickness produces better-looking parts with fewer burrs and bulges. Additionally, bulging and distortion can be minimized by spacing the holes at least twice as far apart as the thickness of the material.

Material requirements and attributes:

Each metal and alloy has its own unique properties, such as various degrees of bending resistance, strength, formability, and weight. Designers must take into account the benefits and constraints of the metal they have selected.


Establish the allowable tolerance levels for your project. The types of metal, the requirements for the design, and the machining equipment used will all affect the tolerances that may be achieved.

Wall thickness:

Generally speaking, a product's ideal wall thickness is consistent throughout. Consider a component with walls that vary in thickness. If so, it will be subjected to varying bending effects, which might cause deformation or cause it to drop beyond the project tolerances.

Typical Metal Stamping Defects

Some common defects in metal stamping include hole deformation, insufficient hole spacing, bending damage, and stamped edge burrs.

Hole deformation:

Three-dimensional metal pieces with holes are typically hole punched first, then bent into shape. If the perforations are too close to the bent edge, they may strain or distort. In order to prevent the aforementioned surfaces from gliding, hole deformation can be prevented by increasing the pressure of the ejector plate or by adding a hard spot to this plate.

Insufficient hole spacing:

If the hole is not the correct distance (at least twice the thickness of the part) from the edge of the workpiece, the strip of material between the hole and the edge will bulge outward.

Bending damage:

Parts with extreme bends are more prone to cracking, especially if manufactured from stiff metals with little plasticity. Long cracks may develop along the bend if the bend is parallel to the metal's grain direction.

Stamped edge burrs:

Cutting and stamping tools can shear metal edges, forming sharp burrs along the edge’s base. This might cause the piece to be abrasive to the touch, resulting in an imperfect finish or even detrimental to the end product's dimensionality.

Metal Stamping Advantages and Disadvantages

In comparison to other processes, sheet metal stamping has a number of benefits, such as high levels of automation and cheaper die costs. Die sets for metal stamping are less expensive to produce and maintain than die sets for other frequent operations. In general, stamping machines are simple to automate, and they may employ sophisticated computer-control systems to deliver more output in less time with more precision.

One of the drawbacks of stamping is the increased cost of presses. Because dies must also be acquired or made, the pre-production procedure for bespoke metal stamping dies is lengthy. If you wish to make changes to the design while producing it, changing the dies could also be difficult.

Sheet Metal Stamping Applications

In various applications, stamping components are used, especially when there are three-dimensional drawings, letters, or other surface engraving features. These stamping products are primarily produced for the home appliance, telecommunications, automotive, lighting, military and defense, medical, aerospace, and electronics sectors.

The metal stamping method is used to make electronic stampings, which are electronic parts. They are applicable to a wide range of sectors, including consumer electronics, home appliances, telecommunications, and aircraft. Metals used in electronic stampings include gold, platinum, aluminum, steel, copper, copper alloys, and copper.

Electronic components manufactured using metal stamping include terminals, contacts, lead frames, springs, and pins. They can be made from either ferrous or nonferrous materials. Metal stampings are widely used in computers, electronic equipment, and medical systems. Because stamping may create unique shapes, this cold forming process finds wide use in many electronics.